Insulation paint, also known as insulating paint, claims to utilize a more advanced technology whereby a wide spectrum of thermally conductive paints are applied on a particular kind of microparticles to effectively block heat radiation from just a single source at a lower temperature to dissipate more heat quickly. Basically, this paint contains a specially designed pigment that has a high index of thermal conductivity. The paint, when applied on an aluminum foil, creates a barrier that effectively reflects infrared radiation back into its own atmosphere. This method is employed in the cooling systems of radiology suites as well as other kinds of medical imaging devices to reduce the temperature differential between the operating room and the lab space. In this article, we discuss the insulating paint industry, its applications and the latest technologies that are being used.
Insulation paint was first introduced in the 1960s in the United States. It was initially used in insulated ceiling tiles, doors and walls. With the advancement of technology, more coatings could be added onto the same materials to produce a comprehensive protection from airborne particles. Insulation paint manufacturers quickly came up with new techniques such as spraying on paper or foam instead of on the already constructed walls. The spray foam method of application is highly preferred because it does not require extensive labor to prepare the surfaces. Also, the surface can be washed with soap and water, leaving no physical contact with the underlying structure.
Today, almost all kinds of insulating materials are available in the form of paint. There is a huge variety in color choices, thicknesses, surface textures and even additives like rubber or silicon. In fact, you can choose a paint to suit almost any kind of wall including bricks, concrete, drywall and even ceramic tiles. In addition, wall surfaces that are not very smooth such as wood or stone have gained popularity because they offer unique visual appeal, are more resistant to scratches and easier to clean. Even insulating concrete blocks or bricks can be painted to improve their insulation characteristics.
If you want to protect your home against heat loss, it would be advisable to apply a polystyrene layer over the surface of the wall. Although this may sound somewhat strange because polystyrene is a plastic, it has excellent thermal insulation properties, which makes it highly effective as a barrier against heat transfer. Applying a polystyrene coating increases the thermal resistance of a structure because the barrier acts like a thermos bead that quickly slows down the transfer of heat.
Two other types of insulating paint are now available. One is a water-soluble coating designed for use on concrete surfaces. This type contains Vitamins A and E that help prevent moisture from penetrating into the concrete surface preventing it from cracking or warping. A water-soluble coating also dries faster than other types of insulating paint and is easy to clean. A water-soluble coating dries faster than last drywall which is made with a silicone coating that actually forms a film on the surface of the wall preventing moisture from seeping in.
The paint insulation product that has gained the most popularity recently is Quikrete. This product is made from a synthetic material called Quikrete Insulation. Quikrete is a synthetic polymer, which is similar to Styrofoam. The product provides high R-value (thermal resistance), which means that it effectively insulates a wall by retaining certain amounts of heat within the room. The heating cost is therefore reduced because there is less energy needed to heat the room.
Other types of insulating paint are also available such as polystyrene sheets. Polystyrene sheets are basically manufactured from small cubes of polystyrene foam. The cubes are rolled into tight sheets and they are filled with a liquid agent like petrol or mineral spirits. A spray gun is used to evenly spread the agent all over the sheet and then a bonding agent is applied which helps seal the seams and the corners. You can use thermal insulation paints which are created specifically for walls.
Thermal reflective paints are made using tiny glass spheres that have been treated with a special resin. The special coating helps reflect up to 97% of radiant heat, thereby reducing the overall heat loss in the room. The invisible coating also reflects up to 40% of ultraviolet radiation. These types of insulations are highly durable and do not allow air to pass through their surface so they provide complete insulation.